Closely following the Buddhist tradition of conservation that dates back over 2,000 years, Sri Lanka features no fewer than nine national parks and seven bird sanctuaries. Among the 12, 259 endangered species listed by the World Conservation Union, 43 can be found in the island's national parks. Sri Lanka though small in size is one of the few places on earth where the world's largest land and sea mammals can be seen in a day. Home to the inimitable Asian Elephant, Sri Lanka's southern Ocean waters are the playground to the giants of the sea- the docile Blue Whales.SCENIC
Much of Sri Lanka's countryside seem like paintings come to life. In the misty highlands, the rolling hillsides are covered in carpets of green and cotton wool skies add romance to the quaint colonial towns. As you wander along the coastline, ruby-red sunrises and crimson sunsets beckon you, whilst fishermen crouch in patience on stilts borne above brilliant blue bays for unfathomable periods of time. Botanical gardens are heavy with the heady fragrance of Frangipani, Hibiscus and thousands of other tropical floras.
The amazing abundance of over 400 varieties of birds in Sri Lanka is attributable to the tropical climate and wide range of natural habitats, from mountains to lowlands to dry plains and lush forests. On a point of academic argument, there are either 26 or 23 endemic species in Sri Lanka, largely confined to the rainforests of the hill zone. more
|Whale and dolphin watching
The ever smiling, mischievous dolphins will put on a show while some of the oldest and the largest sea creatures, the humpback and the blue whales, will nonchalantly glide past you, when you embark on a whale/ dolphin watching excursion off the Southern, Eastern or the West coast of Sri Lanka. The ideal locations for whale watching would be Dondra Point (accessible from Galle, Hikkaduwa and Mirissa) and Trincomalee while the sea off Kalpitiya teems with an abundance of dolphins.more
The Sri Lanka leopard is one of the eight known subspecies of leopard. Its coat is tawny or rusty yellow, stamped with dark spots and rosettes. It is known as probably the largest of all subspecies of leopards.Seven females that were weighed averaged 29 kg; males averaged 56 kg, with the largest being 77 kg.more
Sri Lankan elephants known as Aliya or Etaha (tusker) by locals are the most loved animal by Sri Lankans. The have a fascinating behavior to watch and has a great National value as a tourist attraction. There are many National parks around the country to see elephants. Pinnawala established and Udawalawe the worlds first elephant orphanages which take care of baby elephants who lost their way or injured in the jungle.more
Tropical rainforest covers much of the southwestern part of the island, where teak and ebony grow. Orchids abound in the lush forest. The hills in central Sri Lanka have the perfect climate for tea cultivation and whole hillsides are dedicated to growing this compact, dark-leafed camellia for its fragrant leaves. more
Olive Ridley Turtle, This is the most common of the turtle species visiting Sri Lankan shores. Olive Ridley turtles sometimes appear in large numbers. The peak nesting period in Sri Lanka is between September and November. The Olive Ridley Turtle is the smallest of all the marine turtles. It has a round olive coloured carapace devoid of any markings but with a serrated edge.more
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